If youre like most Tennis Warehouse customers, you already have an idea of the type of racket youre seeking. You want to upgrade from your current racket - maybe youre seeking more power, more control, more comfort... or a little of all three. Whatever your reason(s) for purchasing a new racket, you have some basis on which to make your decision.
Then again, you may not have a clue as to which racket is best for you and are simply motivated by a review you read. Add to the confusion the shear amount of rackets available and choosing the right racket becomes pretty daunting! To make this process a little easier, heres a primer on racket characteristics and how they affect performance. We also suggest you read our racket reviews, where youll find detailed information from real tennis players on how a specific racket performs on-court. Our Racket Technologies section includes explanations and illustrations of racket technologies and materials, such as nCode, Hot Melt, Liquidmetal, and F.I.R.E., to name a few. Finally, our General Racket & String Terms provide definitions of terms that are used throughout our website to describe racket and string performance.
Today, there are 3 major racket categories, with several subcategories. They are:
This is the term used by racket manufacturers for power-oriented rackets. In most cases, these racket models feature oversize to super-oversize heads (107-135 square inches), are lightweight (8-9.5 ounces), longer (27-29 inches) stiffer and are balanced head-heavy (or evenly balanced) to retain enough weight in the hitting zone. Designed for players with shorter, slower swings and who want more power from the racket.
There are several models that offer a blend of features from game improvement and players rackets. They are often light-er (9.5-11 ounces), balanced anywhere from slightly head-light to slightly head-heavy, have midplus (95-102 square inches) heads and are usually extended length (27.5-28 inches). These racket models offer low-medium to medium-high power and are most appealing to intermediate-advanced players, seeking enhanced maneuverability.
Denotes rackets that would be used by professional and high-level club and college team players. These models are typically heavier in weight (11.5-13+ ounces), have smaller heads (85-98), thinner, more flexible beams and are balanced head light to retain maneuverability. The result is a low-power racket, designed for players who provide their own power and prefer a racket that offers more control. Can be standard or extended length.
Power is directly related to head size - a larger head will provide more power than a smaller head, all other things being equal. A larger head also offers a larger hitting area and sweetspot, providing more forgiveness on off-center hits. Todays rackets are offered in head sizes ranging from 85 to 135 square inches, with the most common being 95-110. These head sizes offer a compromise between power and control for many players. Generally speaking, a smaller racket head appeals to more accomplished players seeking more control, while larger rackets appeal to beginning and intermediate players seeking more power and a larger sweetspot.
Rackets are available in lengths ranging from 27-29 inches, the legal limit for tournament play. Standard rackets are 27 inches long. A longer racket provides more reach on groundstrokes, added leverage on serves and slightly more power overall than standard length rackets, all other things being equal. For most players, switching from a standard length racket to one that is 1/2 -1 inch longer doesnt normally present much of a problem. Most (but not all) longer rackets are lighter than their standard-length counterparts to keep them maneuverable. As racket length increases, so does dynamic swingweight. Simply lengthening a 27 inch racket without reducing weight would result in a very unwieldy club.
These two characteristics most influence how a racket feels when you pick it up and when you swing it on the tennis court. Some basic concepts - a heavy racket is more powerful, more stable and transmits less shock than a lighter racket (all other things being equal). A lighter racket is more maneuverable and thus, a player is able to swing it faster. If this is true, wont a lighter racket that is swung fast generate the same power as a heavier racket thats swung more slowly? This question has been hotly debated ever since Wilson introduced their Hammer rackets back in 1990. Until then, racket weights averaged 12-13 ounces and were balanced head light (or handle heavy). Wilsons Hammer technology reduced overall racket weight (10-11 ounces) but distributed more mass in the head, resulting in a head-heavy balance. The idea was to improve maneuverability without sacrificing power by keeping weight in the rackets hitting zone. Since then, racket weights have steadily dropped and now we have sub-10 ounce offerings from most manufacturers. Is lighter better? Not necessarily. Well then, which racket weight is best for you? What about racket balance? Is head-light, head-heavy or even balance best? In order to answer this question, you need a point of reference. How heavy is your current racket? Is it head light or head-heavy? How much? If you dont know, you can e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org and well send you the manufacturers specifications, if available.
Next, do you want a lighter, heavier or similarly weighted racket? Head-light, head-heavy or evenly balanced? Chances are you dont know what you want until you play with a racket. If this isnt feasible, here are some guidelines on the advantages and disadvantages of different weights and balances.
Heavier, head-light rackets - preferred by most professional players, these rackets are often referred to as being traditionally weighted and balanced rackets. They typically weigh 11-13 ounces and are balanced 1/2 to 1-1/2 inches head light in order to retain maneuverability. In most cases, these rackets are also referred to as players rackets because they are generally more control-oriented and designed for players who provide their own power.
Lightweight, head-heavy rackets - several years ago, Wilson discovered it was possible to make a racket more maneuverable without reducing weight in the head. By removing weight in the handle, the racket was lighter overall, while still retaining mass in the upper hoop, where ball contact occurs. This was the concept behind their Hammer and Sledge Hammer designs. Several other racket manufacturers have subsequently introduced lightweight, head-heavy (and evenly balanced) rackets. The advantages of this racket type are increased maneuverability without sacrificing power, especially on groundstrokes. The disadvantages are less clear - some experts argue that reducing weight increases the amount of shock transferred to the wrist, elbow and shoulder. Some players who have switched from traditionally weighted and balanced rackets to lightweight, head-heavy models claim the rackets dont feel solid. Clearly, you cant get something for nothing. Reducing racket weight will alter its feel - for better or for worse. Keep in mind, you can always add weight to a racket if its too light. Reducing racket weight, however, is almost impossible.
The amount a frame deflects during ball contact directly affects its power potential. A stiffer racket bends less, thus depleting less energy from the ball. A flexible racket bends more, resulting in more energy loss. A common myth among players is that a flexible racket, that bends back more, returns more power to the ball due to a catapult-effect. The ball remains on the strings for 3-5 milliseconds, much shorter than it takes a frame to recover. Consequently, a racket frame doesnt return energy to the ball, it absorbs energy - either more or less, depending on stiffness. Stiffer rackets dont deflect as much on impact, resulting in less power drain than a flexible racket.
Frame stiffness doesnt only affect power though. Control and comfort are also at stake. Generally speaking, a racket that offers more power provides less control. However, this is largely dependent on player type and ability. An advanced player may prefer a flexible racket because he or she has a long, fast swing and provides plenty of power. A stiff racket might be too powerful for this player, resulting in too many balls landing long. A beginning or intermediate player though, may find a stiffer racket that doesnt deflect as much on impact, provides better control. This may also apply to a more advanced player with short, compact strokes. To a certain point, stiffer rackets are generally less comfortable than more flexible rackets. A very stiff frame will transmit more impact shock to the wrist, elbow and shoulder than a medium stiff frame. Comfort is difficult to measure - each player has a different perception of what feels comfortable. However, players with arm and/or shoulder problems will generally benefit more from a flexible to medium-stiff frame and should likely avoid stiff or very stiff frames. A lesser known effect of frame stiffness is the amount of spin that can be generated. Generally speaking, stiffer rackets provide less spin than flexible rackets because the ball leaves the stringbed more quickly.
Often overlooked by many recreational players, string pattern density influences many aspects of a rackets overall performance and feel. When we discuss string pattern density, we refer to open and dense (or closed).
An open string pattern will deflect more on impact than a denser pattern, providing greater ball rebound. Strung at the same tension (in similar rackets) an open string pattern wont feel as tight as a dense string pattern. Open string patterns also allow for more spin potential, as the ball can embed itself into the strings more, due to their wider spacing. Players seeking more spin will benefit from a more open string pattern. The price one may pay for this, though, is reduced string durability. Open string patterns allow the strings to move more freely, increasing abrasion which causes string breakage.
A denser string pattern wont deflect as much upon ball impact, resulting in less rebound energy. More closely spaced strings will also offer less spin potential but will last longer than a similar racket featuring a more open string pattern. Players who dont hit with much spin and are seeking enhanced control will generally prefer rackets with denser string patterns, as will hard-hitting topspin players seeking increased string durability.
As rackets become lighter and lighter, manufacturers are seeking ways to improve comfort without significantly increasing weight. Incorporating a shock and vibration dampening system in the handle is the most common method currently being used. Dunlops ISIS, Heads No SHOX, Princes Air and Volkl'ss Sensor handle systems offer varying degrees of effectiveness in reducing frame shock and vibration. Wilson and Yonex also offer comfort systems located in the racket shaft such as Iso-Zorb and V-Con technologies.